时间：2023-10-12 16:16:14 来源：成人高考网 作者：本站编辑整理
一、语音知识：共 5 小题；每题 1.5 分，共 7.5 分。在下列每组单词中，有一个单词地划
1.A.chair B.rich C.teacher D.headache
2.A.cut B.but C.student D.must
3.A.rise B.give C.life D.nice
4.A.are B.dare C.care D.share
5.A.bus B.desk C.fast D.easy
二、词汇与语法知识：共 15 小题；每题 1.5 分，共 22.5 分。从每小题的四个选择项中，
6.The ______ house walls are made of glass looks beautiful.
7.Hurry up, ______ you will miss the train.
8.The young man ______ a large box went out of the bank.
9.If he ______ ,he’ll be the first Englishman to get the prize in the past ten years.
10.We should protect the Earth because it is ______ home.
11.This bus ______ the children to and from their school every day.
12.The bank finally agreed him ______ $5,000.
13.She’s far ______ at English than her brother.
14.She ______ put the glasses on the ground.
15.He always gets up early ______ the morning.
16.It takes ______ hour to reach the top of the mountain.
17.Two bridges ______ over the river five years ago.
18.The pain is so bad that she ______ fall asleep at all.
19.He ______ in London for almost 10 years.
20.——______ do you mean, you want to spend the weekend alone?
——Well,I haven’t decided yet.
三、完形填空：共 15 小题；每题 2 分，共 30 分。通读下面的短文，掌握其大意。然后，
Last Thursday,Barbara Foster visited her favorite restaurant with her son to have a lunch and celebrate her 100th birthday.
When Foster 21 ,she was shocked to find the restaurant 22 balloons,flowers and even a 23 cake on her regular table. Her friends and the restaurant’s workers 24 around her as she sat down.
Foster and her son have been going to the restaurant together 25 about five or six years. Lately，Foster’s arthritis（关节炎）has 26 it more difficult for her to get around,27 they haven’t been there as often. But she makes the trip 28 she can.
“She gets around very well. She’s got a great mind,” the restaurant’s waitress Jenny Miller,who 29 the surprise party,said. Over the years, Miller has become a great friend of the Fosters after their 30 visits and even calls Barbara“Mom”.
Jimmy Powell,the general manager, said that he 31 to make Foster’s 100-year birthday extra special.Besides the cake, balloons, flowers and cards, the restaurant 32 Foster one special gift:a lifetime 33 of free meals there.
“I just can’t get over this,” Foster said as she smiled and 34 everyone aroundher.“This is so 35 .”
四、阅读理解：共 15 小题；每题 3 分，共 45 分。阅读下列短文，然后根据短文的内容从
Cesar was horn in Arizona in 1927. His grandparents had come to the United States from Mexico years before.Cesar and his family lived on their farm. In the 1930s, there was very little rain in Arizona. The land dried up and farmers couldn’t grow crops. Cesar’s family had to move. They went west to California.
California had a lot of farmland. Cesar’s family got jobs as migrantfarm workers. That meant they moved from farm to farm to pick crops. It was hard work, and the pay was very low. Cesar worked in the fields to help his family. He also went to school. He liked to learn, but he didn’t like going to school. Some children made fun of him because he did not speak English well.
When Cesar was 17,he joined the navy.He was at sea for two years. After he returned home,he married his true love,Helen. They later had eight children. Cesar returned to working in the fields. But he was angry about how hard life was for the farm workers.The landowners（土地拥有者）made all the money. They didn’t treat the workers well. Cesar had always been quiet and shy. But now he decided it was time to speak up. He was going to work for farm workers’ rights. He began by talking to farm workers.He helped them vote（投票）.If they voted，they could help choose America’s leaders. Cesar also got thousands of farm workers to join workers’ organizations or groups.
36.Cesar’s family left Arizona because ______.
A.there was too much rain
B.there was very little farmland
C.their children couldn’t go to school
D.the land was too dry for crops to grow
37.What does migrant mean in the second paragraph?
D.Moving from place to place.
38.What did Cesar do at the age of 17?
A.He taught in a farm school.
B.He had his first child.
C.He started to serve in the navy.
D.He got married to Helen.
39.What did Cesar help farm workers do?
A.To vote in the elections.
C.To treat landowners well.
D.To fight against workers’ groups.
David was earning money for college by working at a store in the late afternoon and early evening. On Wednesday night his boss asked him to work long past midnight, because another employee（雇员） got sick. Since David needed money for his car payment,he agreed.He did not tell his boss that he had an important test early thenext morning.
On Thursday morning David slept through the alarm（闹钟）.But,luckily,he was woken up by the telephone half an hour later. He arrived at the exam as the test papers were being handed out. However,he had missed the professor’s instruction on how to do the test. David could not immediately begin to work on the test because he had to calm himself first. He was surprised by some of the material on the test. As he began to read and answer questions, he worried that he would not do well.
In fact,at the very beginning David made a poor decision. He didn’t tell his boss that he needed a good sleep on the night before his big test. Being prepared rather than feeling tired and sleepy can make the difference in answering correctly one item（题目）or more. That correct item,for example, could make the difference in a failing score of 58 or a passing score of 60. So, don’t take chances when the risks（风险）are high.Getting well prepared can make a difference. Set yourself up for success， and get enough sleep the night before a test.
40.What was David asked to do on Wednesday night?
D.To take care of a worker.
41.How was David woken up on Thursday morning?
42.What might be the best title for this passage?
It was Sally’s first time alone on a bus to school. She was excited and a bit nervous. The bus stop was near her house, but today, it seemed to be miles away. Sally finally got on the bus and took a seat by a window in the back row.
The bus started at a normal speed. But Sally felt that something seemed to be wrong because there was a terrible smell coming out of the back of the bus. She saw some people next to her looked as if they were getting sick. Suddenly, she realized that it probably was a gas leak（泄漏）. She had to do something. She shouted to the bus driver, but he didn’t hear her. Then she tried to open the windows, but they were locked due to the air-conditioning（空调）.
Just then,she looked down,and saw her rock-hard shoes.She immediately took off one of them and,with much strength, broke open the window nearest to her,letting out the gas, and bringing the attention of the driver to the trouble. She was afraid that the driver would have her arrested（逮捕）for breaking the window when a policeman came. But to her surprise and delight, the policeman expressed his thanks for her help.
When she arrived at the school, she told the story to her teacher and classmates.They were very proud of her.
43.How did Sally feel before she got on the bus to school alone?
C.Delighted and surprised.
44.What problem did Sally find on the bus?
B.There was a terrible smell.
C.The passengers were noisy.
D.The air-conditioning stopped.
45.Who broke the window open?
46.What did the policeman do after he arrived?
C.He called Sally’s teacher.
D.He punished the bus driver.
Monique might be the world’s most widely travelled hen（母鸡）.She has sailed around the world with Guirec Soudée,a French sailor,for five years.
Soudée’s trip began from his hometown in France. Before crossing the Atlantic Ocean,Soudée stopped in the Canary Islands. There he met Monique; it was given to him by some friend. His plan was to have the hen for company and fresh eggs.
People warned him that a hen wouldn’t lay eggs at sea because it would be too anxious. However, Monique laid an egg on her first day on the boat and then laid 25 eggs in 28 days. “Monique and I became very close. I talked to her every day, and I knew she understood me,” Soudée says.“I taught her how to swim, and we shared everything together.”
Soudée and Monique finished their 51,000-mile journey around the world in December 2018. On the trip there were some frightening moments. Their boat overturned in 13-metre waves near Antarctica; on Greenland they were stranded（滞留）in the ice for 130 days, 70 of which were in darkness. Soudée couldn’t fish because of the ice, and Monique’s eggs saved him.
Soudée has written a book called The Hen Who Sailed around the World:A True Story. “We’ve got lots of plans,”Soudée says. “I want to get a bigger boat and hopefully Monique will have some chicks （小鸡）and then we can take them too.”
47.Where did Soudée meet Monique?
48.What did people warn Soudée about Monique?
B.It would not lay eggs at sea.
C.It might not stay alive at sea.
D.It would take him too much time.
49.What happened to Soudée and Monique on Greenland?
A.They spent 130 days in darkness.
B.They were stranded in the ice.
C.They had nothing to eat.
50.What do we know about Soudée from the last paragraph?
A.He has got a larger boat.
B.He has bought some chicks.
C.He has written a book about Monique.
D.He has started a new sailing around the world.
五、补全对话：共 5 句；每句满分为 3 分，共 15 分。根据中文提示，把对话中缺少的内容写在线上。这些句子必须符合英语表达习惯。打句号的地方，用陈述句；打问号的地方，用疑问句。
提示：Tom 给 Jack 打电话，但 Jack 不在办公室，便请 Mary 留言给 Jack
T:Hello! This is Tom. Who’s speaking there?
T:Hi,Mary! Can I talk to Jack,please?
T:Well,can you take a message for him?
T: Please ask him to call me back. We are going to visit our teacher this evening.
T:My phone number is 54211188.
M: OK, I’ll tell him when he comes back.
假设你是李华。你的英国朋友 Mike 想来你的家乡旅游，并品尝当地美食，希望你推荐一家
有特色的餐馆。请给 Mike 写一封英文邮件，内容包括：
句意：快点，不然你就赶不上火车了。then 那时；and 和；but 但是；or 否则。根据句意，
句意：那个年轻人提着一个大箱子走出了银行。分析句子可知，该句主干完整，所以空格处应填非谓语动词。man 与 carry 之间是主谓关系，所以应用现在分词表主动。故本题选 B。
【解析】本题考查条件状语从句。句意：如果他获奖，他将成为过去十年来第一个获得该奖的英国人。分析句子可知，该句为 if 引导的真实条件句，遵循“主将从现”的原则，所以
【解析】本题考查代词辨析。句意：我们应该保护地球，因为它是我们的家园。空格前是系动词 is，空格后是名词 home，所以空格处应填具有形容词属性的代词。故本题选 B。
【解析】本题考查时态。句意：这辆公共汽车每天载着孩子们上下学。根据 every day 可
知，该句时态为一般现在时。主语为 this bus，所以空格处应为第三人称单数形式。故本
【解析】本题考查固定用法。句意：银行最后同意借给他 5000 美元。agree to do sth.为
【解析】本题考查比较级。句意：她的英语比她哥哥好得多。根据 far 和 than 可知，空格
【解析】本题考查副词。句意：她小心地把玻璃杯放在地上。分析句子可知，该句主干完整，空格处需填副词来修饰动词 put。故本题选 B。
词的单数形式，空格处表示“一，一个”，所以应填不定冠词 an。故本题选 B。
【解析】本题考查时态和语态。句意：五年前这条河上建了两座桥。根据 five years ago 可
知，该句的时态为一般过去时。bridges 与 build 之间是动宾关系，所以应用被动语态。故本题选 C。
【解析】本题考查情态动词辨析。句意：她疼得根本无法入睡。can’t 不能；mustn’t 禁
止；shouldn’t 不应该；needn’t 不需要。故本题选 A。
【解析】本题考查时态。句意：他在伦敦住了快十年了。根据 for almost 10 years 可知，
【解析】本题考查疑问词。句意：你想一个人过周末是什么意思？嗯，我还没决定。why为什么；how 怎么样；what 什么；whom 谁。根据句意，本题选 C。
返回；stood 站立；walked 散步；arrived 到达。故本题选 D。
【解析】词义辨析题。当福斯特到达时，她震惊地发现餐厅里摆满了气球、鲜花。belonged to 属于；kept away 防范；filled with 充满；connected with 与……联系。故本题选 C。
【解析】词义辨析题。当福斯特到达时，她震惊地发现餐厅里摆满了气球、鲜花，甚至在她常坐的桌子上还放着一个生日蛋糕。birthday 生日；wedding 婚礼；Christmas 圣诞节；
New Year 新年。根据前文提到的 her 100th birthday 可知，本题选 A。
越过；finished 完成；collected 收集；gathered 聚集。故本题选 D。
【解析】词义辨析题。福斯特和她的儿子一起去这家餐厅大约有五、六年了。根据 have been going 可知，该处应填介词 for，且 for 后通常可以加“一段时间”。故本题选 A。
【解析】词义辨析题。福斯特的关节炎让她的出行变得更加困难，所以他们不经常去那里了。so 因此；since 自从；while 当……时候；after 在……之后。分析句子可知，前后两个分句之间是因果关系，故本题选 A。
【解析】词义辨析题。但她只要有机会就会去。whatever 无论什么；whenever 无论什么时
候；wherever 无论哪里；whichever 无论哪个。故本题选 B
并且她很有头脑。put 放下；left 离开；organized 组织；received 得到。故本题选 C。
【解析】词义辨析题。多年来，在福斯特一家的频繁光临下，米勒已经成为他们的好朋友。famous 著名的；sad 伤心的；safe 安全的；frequent 频繁的。故本题选 D。
【解析】词义辨析题。总经理吉米·鲍威尔想让福斯特的百岁生日变得特别。refused 拒绝；wanted 想要；moved 移动；used 使用。故本题选 B。
【解析】词义辨析题。除了蛋糕、气球、鲜花和卡片，餐厅还送给福斯特一份特别的礼物。gave 给；paid 支付；borrowed 借；charged 控告。故本题选 A。
【解析】词义辨析题。除了蛋糕、气球、鲜花和卡片，餐厅还送给福斯特一份特别的礼物：在该餐厅终身免费用餐。habit 习惯；job 工作；supply 供给，提供；interest 兴趣。故
【解析】词义辨析题。福斯特微笑着感谢她周围的每个人。felt 感受；thanked 感谢；
welcomed 欢迎；recognized 认出。故本题选 B。
【解析】词义辨析题。这真是太美妙了。rude 粗鲁的；funny 滑稽的；wonderful 美好的；
【解析】事实细节题。根据第三段第一句可知，塞萨尔 17 岁时加入了海军。故本题选 C。
【解析】事实细节题。根据第三段第一句可知，人们提醒 Soudée 母鸡不会在海上下蛋，因
滞留了 130 天，其中 70 天是在黑暗中度过的。故本题选 B。
51.【答案】this is Mary(speaking)/I am Mary
52.【答案】He is not in(the office)
54.【答案】Can I have your phone number, please/What’s your phone number, please
I’m so glad that you are coming to visit my hometown. I would like to suggest
you go to the most popular restaurant here.Its name is Youke Restaurant. It’s in
the city center and not far from my home. The restaurant offers a variety of dishes
special in my hometown. There are also dances to Chinese music in the evenings and
you may be invited to join the dances. I’m sure you’ll make many new friends and
have a wonderful time here.
I am looking forward to seeing you soon.